Types of Weaving Patterns and Techniques with Examples

Discover the different types of weaving patterns and techniques used to create a variety of fabrics. Learn about plain, twill, satin, basket, and leno weaves.

Weaving is an ancient craft that involves interlacing two sets of yarns, usually at right angles, to create a fabric. This method of textile production has been used for centuries, and there are numerous types of weaving patterns and techniques that have been developed over time. In this article, we will explore some of the most common types of weaving patterns and provide examples of each.

1. Plain Weave

Plain weave is the simplest and most common type of weaving pattern. In this pattern, each weft yarn goes alternately over and under one warp yarn, and each warp yarn goes alternately over and under each weft yarn[1]. This results in a flat, tight surface that is conducive to printing and other finishes. Some examples of plain weave fabrics include crepe, taffeta, organdy, and muslin[2].

2. Twill Weave

Twill weave is another popular weaving pattern, characterized by its diagonal lines or ribs on the surface of the fabric[3]. This pattern is created by passing the weft yarn over two or more warp yarns, then under one or more warp yarns, in a regular progression[4]. Twill weave fabrics are known for their durability and resistance to wrinkles. Examples of twill weave fabrics include denim, gabardine, and herringbone[2].

3. Satin Weave

Satin weave is a more complex pattern that creates a smooth, lustrous surface on the fabric[3]. In this pattern, the weft yarns float over several warp yarns before going under one warp yarn, resulting in fewer interlacings and a smoother surface[4]. Satin weave fabrics are often used for luxurious garments and home furnishings, such as satin sheets and evening gowns[2].

4. Basket Weave

Basket weave is a variation of the plain weave pattern, in which two or more weft yarns are woven together as one, and two or more warp yarns are woven together as one[3]. This creates a fabric with a checkerboard appearance, resembling a woven basket. Basket weave fabrics are often used for upholstery, curtains, and other home furnishings[5].

5. Leno Weave

Leno weave, also known as gauze weave, is a type of open weave pattern that is created by twisting two adjacent warp yarns around each other, with the weft yarn passing through the resulting loops[3]. This creates a fabric with an open, mesh-like appearance that is lightweight and breathable. Leno weave fabrics are often used for sheer curtains, mosquito nets, and other applications where a lightweight, open fabric is desired[2].

Weaving Examples

There are countless examples of weaving techniques and patterns used in various cultures and traditions. Some examples of weaving and textiles that are considered Indian products include corn husk bags, twined yarn bags, cotton mantas, willow cradle boards, horsehair hatbands, Chiefs Blankets, Two Grey Hills rugs, horse blankets, finger woven sashes, brocade table runners, star quilts, pictorial appliqué wall hangings, fiber woven bags, embroidered dance shawls, rabbit skin blankets, and feather blankets[6].


Weaving is a versatile and timeless craft that has been used to create a wide variety of fabrics and textiles throughout history. By understanding the different types of weaving patterns and techniques, you can appreciate the intricacies and beauty of woven fabrics and incorporate them into your own projects. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced weaver, there are countless weaving patterns and examples to explore and learn from.

[1] https://www.britannica.com/technology/weaving
[2] https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/3343/different-types-of-weaves
[3] https://jpscm.com/blog/types-of-weave-patterns/
[4] https://blog.treasurie.com/weave-patterns/
[5] https://www.yorkshirefabricshop.com/post/what-are-the-four-types-of-weaves
[6] https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/25/309.13


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