Types of Rayon Fabric and Their Uses

Rayon is a versatile semi-synthetic fabric made from cellulose fibers. This article explores the types, textures, and uses of rayon fabric.

Rayon is a versatile and widely used semi-synthetic fabric made from purified cellulose fibers, typically derived from wood pulp or other plant-based sources. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, and linen, making it suitable for various applications in the textile industry[1]. In this article, we will explore the different types of rayon fabric, their textures, and some examples of their use.

Viscose Rayon

Viscose rayon is the most common type of rayon fabric and is often used as a substitute for cotton due to its breathability and moisture-absorbent properties[1]. It is made from cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton linters[2]. Viscose rayon can be found in various forms, such as georgette, chiffon, crepe, gauze, habotai, bemberg, linen blend, velvet, satin, mesh, taffeta, and twill[3]. This type of rayon is suitable for summer wear, active wear, dresses, and blouses[4].

Modal Rayon

Modal rayon is another popular type of rayon fabric known for its softness, durability, and high absorbency. It is often used in clothing items like underwear, activewear, and bed sheets due to its comfort and breathability[5]. TENCEL™ modal fabric, made from sustainably-harvested beech trees, is an eco-friendly variant of modal rayon[6].

Lyocell Rayon

Lyocell rayon, also known as Tencel, is an environmentally friendly type of rayon fabric made from sustainably-harvested eucalyptus trees[6]. It is known for its softness, strength, and excellent moisture management properties. Lyocell rayon is commonly used in clothing items like shirts, dresses, and activewear, as well as home textiles like bed sheets and towels[7].

Other Types of Rayon

In addition to the main types of rayon fabric mentioned above, there are several other varieties with unique properties and applications:

  • High-wet-modulus (HWM) rayon, also known as polynosic rayon, is a modified version of viscose that is stronger when wet and can be mercerized like cotton[8].
  • Cupro rayon is a type of rayon fabric with a luxurious appearance and a soft, comfortable feel[3].
  • High-tenacity rayon is a modified version of viscose with almost twice the strength of HWM rayon, typically used for industrial purposes such as tire cords[8].

Rayon Texture

Rayon fabric can have various textures depending on the type and manufacturing process. Regular rayon has lengthwise lines called striations, and its cross-section is an indented circular shape. The cross-sections of HWM and cupro rayon are rounder[8]. Rayon fabric can be found in both knit and woven forms, offering different textures and properties for various applications[3].

Rayon Fabric Examples

Rayon fabric is used in a wide range of clothing items and home textiles due to its versatility and ability to imitate other fabrics. Some examples of rayon fabric use include:

  • Blouses, trousers, dresses, skirts, and t-shirts[1]
  • Bed sheets, upholstery, and blankets[6]
  • Activewear and sportswear[4]
  • Underwear and sleepwear[5]

In conclusion, rayon fabric is a popular and versatile material with various types, textures, and applications. Its ability to imitate other fabrics and its eco-friendly variants make it a valuable choice for both clothing and home textiles.

[1] https://www.whowhatwear.com/what-is-rayon
[2] https://dineshexports.com/different-types-of-rayon-fabric/
[3] https://sewguide.com/rayon-fabric/
[4] https://www.amazon.com/Soimoi-Fabric-Texture-Shirting-Printed/dp/B07PJ2RQY1
[5] https://www.tradeuno.com/blogs/news/guide-to-rayon-fabrics-uses-types-advantages
[6] https://www.sustainablejungle.com/sustainable-fashion/what-is-rayon-fabric/
[7] https://threadcurve.com/types-of-rayon-fabric/
[8] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rayon


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